Tintype photo of William Keane of Clare, c.1861

William Keane, my mother's great-grandfather, from County Clare, Ireland, in his Civil War Zouave uniform. He enlisted in the 74th NY, and later also served in the 40th NY. The Zouaves were an elite outfit.

William Keane Personal Timeline

NY State Military Museum about WK.

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harpWilliam Keane's "harp" harp

William Keene (misspelled - See below)

Residence not listed; 19 years old.

Enlisted on 6/20/1861 at New York City, NY as a Private.

On 7/7/1861 he mustered into "C" Co. NY 74th Infantry

He Re-enlisted on 12/30/1863

He was transferred out on 8/3/1864

On 8/3/1864 he transferred into "G" Co. NY 40th Infantry

(date and method of discharge not given)



* Corpl 12/30/1863


Intra Regimental Company Transfers:

* 7/8/1861 from company C to company B

* 6/28/1864 from company B to company I


Sources used by Historical Data Systems, Inc.:

- New York: Report of the Adjutant-General

(c) Historical Data Systems, Inc. @ www.civilwardata.com

William Keane

Residence not listed;

Enlisted on 7/27/1864 as a Private.



On 7/27/1864 he transferred into "G" Co. NY 40th Infantry

He was Mustered Out on 10/9/1864



* Corpl


He also had service in:

"I" Co. NY 74th Infantry


Sources used by Historical Data Systems, Inc.:

- New York: Report of the Adjutant-General

(c) Historical Data Systems, Inc. @ www.civilwardata.com



(Three Years)

Seventy-fourth Infantry.-Cols., Charles K. Graham, Charles H.

Burtis, Thomas Holt, William H. Lounsberry; Lieut.-Cols., Charles

H. Burtis, John P. Glass, William H. Lounsberry; Majs., William

B. Olmsted, Edward L. Price, George H. Quaterman, Henry M. Allis,

Lovell Purdy, Jr.

The 74th, the 5th regiment of the Excelsior brigade, which

contained many members of the 15th militia, was recruited at

Pittsburg, New York city, Cambridgeport, Mass., Tidioute, Pa.,

and Long island and mustered into the U. S. service at Camp

Scott, L. I., June 30 to Oct. 6, 1861, for a three years' term.

It left New York Aug. 20, for Washington, was attached to

Sickles' Excelsior brigade and stationed along the Lower Potomac

in Maryland during the first winter; embarked in April, 1862, for

the Peninsula with the brigade, as part of the 2nd division, 3d

corps; shared in the siege operations before Yorktown; took a

prominent part in the battle of Williamsburg, for which the

brigade won the highest praises, the loss of the regiment in this

battle being 143 killed, wounded or missing, and in the ensuing

engagements of Fair Oaks and the Seven Days' battles it was

constantly in action.

Upon its withdrawal from the Peninsula in August, the regiment

was sent to the support of Gen. Pope at Manassas, after which it

retired to the defenses of Washington. In November it marched to

Falmouth; participated in the battle of Fredericksburg; returned

to its camp at Falmouth for the winter, was engaged at

Chancellorsville in May, 1863; returned again to camp at

Falmouth; marched in June to Gettysburg and there experienced the

hard fighting of the second day on the Emmitsburg road, with a

loss of 89 killed, wounded and missing.

On the southward march it encountered the enemy at Wapping

heights and Kelly's Ford; fought at Locust Grove during the Mine

Run campaign, and went into winter quarters with the brigade. In

April, 1864, the Excelsior brigade became the 2nd brigade, 4th

division, 2nd corps and in May the 4th brigade, 3d division, 2nd


With it the 74th fought through the Wilderness campaign and was

mustered out before Petersburg, from June 19 to Aug. 3, 1864.

The reenlisted men and recruits were transferred to the 40th N.

Y. infantry. The regiment lost during its term of service 124 by

death from wounds and 70 from other causes. It was noted for its

courage and steadiness and is numbered among the "three hundred

fighting regiments."

Source: The Union Army, Vol. 2, p. 105




Fifth Excelsior Regiment; Fifth Regiment, Sickles' Brigade.

(Three Years)

This regiment was recruited under the special authority of

the War Department, issued to Gen. D. E. Sickles; organized

under Col. Charles K. Graham at Camp Scott, L. I., and mustered

in the service of the United States for three years between

June 30 and October 6, 1861. Pursuant to the orders of the

Secretary of War of December 5, 1861, it received its State

numerical designation December 11, 1861. August 3, 1864, the

remaining men, not entitled to be discharged with their

respective companies, were assigned to the 40th N. Y.

Volunteers, forming new Companies G and H of the latter.

The companies were recruited principally: A, and B--U. S.

Zouave Cadets--in part, at Pittsburg, Pa.; B, in part, at New

York city; C on Long Island; D at Cambridgeport, Mass.; E, G,

H, I and K at New York city; and F at Tidioute, Pa.; a number

of the men had been members of the 15th Militia.

The regiment left the State August 20, 1861; served in

Sickles' Brigade, Hooker's Division, Army of the Potomac, from

September, 1861; in same, 2d, Brigade, 2d Division, 3d Corps,

Army of the Potomac, from March, 1862; in 2d Brigade, 4th

Division, 2d Corps, Army of the Potomac, from April, 1864; in

4th Brigade, 3d Division, 2d Corps, Army of the Potomac, from

May 13, 1864; in 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 2d Corps, Army of

the Potomac, from July, 1864; and it was honorably discharged

and mustered out, under Lieut.-Col. Wm. H. Lounsberry, by

companies, before Petersburg, Va.; Company D, June 19, 1864; A,

June 21; B, June 26; G, June 28; C, July 6; and E, F, H, I and

K, August 3, 1864.


Source: Phisterer p. 2,767

(Three Years)

Fortieth Infantry.-Cols., Edward J. Riley, Thomas W. Eagan,

Madison M. Cannon; Lieut.-Cols., Thomas W. Eagan, Nelson A.

Gesner, P. Allen Lindsay, Augustus J. Warner, Madison M. Cannon,

Thomas Crawford; Majs., Richard T. Halstead; Albert S. Ingalls,

P. Allen Lindsay, Augustus J. Warner, Emmons F. Fletcher,

Madison M. Cannon, Thomas Crawford, Augustus W. Keene.

The 40th, the "Mozart Regiment," recruited in New York city,

received four Massachusetts companies into its organization and

went into camp at Yonkers, where it was mustered into the U. S.

service June 14 to 27, 1861, for three years.

On July 4 it left the state for Washington, numbering 1,000

members and after a short encampment at Washington, was ordered

to Alexandria, where during the summer it was engaged in the

construction of Fort Ward and in guard duty along the Orange &

Alexandria railroad.

It was assigned on Aug. 4, to Howard's brigade, Potomac division,

but was later attached to Sedgwick's brigade, Heintzelman's

division, and passed the winter near Alexandria. In March, 1862,

with the 2nd brigade, 3d division, 3d corps, Army of the Potomac,

it embarked for Yorktown and was there engaged in the duties of

the siege.

The regiment was closely engaged at Williamsburg and during that

month the brigade was assigned to the 1st division, 3d corps,

with which it participated in the battle of Fair Oaks, where the

40th lost 24 in killed or mortally wounded out of five companies


The regiment fought through the Seven Days' battles with a loss

of 100 killed, wounded and missing and rested for a few weeks at

Harrison's landing before entering upon the campaign in Virginia

under Gen. Pope. At the second Bull Run 244 members of the

regiment were engaged and 86 were reported among the lost.

At Chantilly the total loss was 61, but the gallant conduct of

the 40th and the 1st saved the day, and the regiment received the

highest official praise. At Fredericksburg the total loss was

123. The regiment shared in the "Mud March" and then gathered

its scattered heroes together to winter at Falmouth.

The recruits for the 87th N. Y. had been added to the 40th in

Sept., 1862, and after the battle of Chancellorsville, in which

the loss was again severe, the regiment was consolidated into a

battalion of five companies.

On May 30, 1863, the three years men of the 37th and 38th N. Y.

were assigned to the 40th, as were members of the 55th and 101st.

As part of the 3d brigade, 1st division, 3d corps, Army of the

Potomac, from May, 1863, the regiment proceeded from

Chancellorsville to Gettysburg, where it again distinguished

itself for bravery with a loss of 150 killed, wounded or missing.

It was active at Kelly's ford and in the Mine Run campaign, after

which winter quarters were established near Brandy Station, where

in December, the major portion of the members of the regiment

reenlisted. Many new recruits were also received during the

winter, and at the opening of the Wilderness campaign in the

spring of 1864 the regiment took the field with greatly

replenished ranks.

In March of that year it was assigned to the 1st brigade, 3d

division, 2nd corps; was active at the Wilderness with the loss

of 213 killed, wounded and missing; and fought in the engagements

at Spottsylvania, the Po river, the North Anna, Totopotomoy and

Cold Harbor.

In July, 1864, the original members not reenlisted were mustered

out at New York city and the regiment was consolidated into six

companies, which soon received additional reinforcement by the

addition of the veterans of the 74th N. Y. The veteran regiment

served before Petersburg until the fall of the city, being

engaged at the Weldon railroad, Deep Bottom, Strawberry Plains,

Poplar Spring Church, Boydton Road, the Hicksford raid, Hatcher's

run, Fort Stedman, White Oak ridge, in the final assault on

Petersburg, April 2, 1865, and the pursuit of Lee to Appomattox.

The regiment was mustered out at Washington, June 27, 1865,

having gallantly acquitted itself through four years of almost

constant fighting, and having well earned its right to be called

a "Fighting Regiment" through the loss of more men killed and

wounded than any other New York regiment save one-the 68th.

Only through the addition of troop after troop of veterans was it

able to preserve its organization, but its reputation for courage

made assignment to its ranks a privilege. The total death loss

of the command during its term of service was 238 killed or died

of wounds and 172 from accident, imprisonment or disease.

Source: The Union Army, Vol. 2, p. 77


New York


Mozart Regiment; United States Constitution Guard.

(Three Years)

This regiment, Col. Edward J. Riley, was organized at

Yonkers, under the auspices of the Union Defense Committee of

New York city, and under special authority from the War

Department. Originally it was known as the United States

Constitution Guard, recruited in New York city by Col. John S.

Cocks, of which the Second Zouaves, an incomplete organization,

formed part; at the solicitation of the Mozart Hall Committee,

it accepted the designation Mozart Regiment. No more men being

accepted from this State, except through the State authorities,

the regiment was completed by taking four companies from

Massachusetts one-B-from Newburyport; one-G-from Milford; one

H-from West Cambridge; and one-K-from Lawrence; and two

companies from Pennsylvania. It was mustered in the service of

the United States for three years at Yonkers, the field and

staff July 1; Companies A and G June 21; B, C, D, E and F June

14; H and K Tune 27; and I Tune 26, 1861. In August, 1861, the

State accepted the regiment and numbered it as above.

September 6, 1862, the regiment received by consolidation the

enlisted men of the 87th Infantry, who were assigned

principally to Companies E and F. May 25, 1863, it was

consolidated into five companies, B, C, D, F and G, and May 30,

1863, it received by transfer the three years, men of the 38th

Infantry, as Companies A, E and H, and those of the 37th

Infantry, as Companies I and K. Company H originally came from

the 55th, and Companies I and K from the 1O1st Infantry. At

the expiration of its term of service, the men entitled thereto

were discharged, and the regiment retained in service, but,

July 7, 1864, consolidated into six companies, A, B, C, D, E

and F; Company F becoming Company A; E Company B; A Company C;

C Company D; D Company E; I Company F; and Companies B, G, H

and K being transferred to the new companies. August 3, 1864,

the members of the 74th Infantry, not mustered out with their

regiment, were assigned to this, forming Companies G and H.

The regiment left the State July 4, 1861; served at and

near Washington, D. C., from July 6, 1861; near Alexandria,

Va., from July 17, 1861; in Howard's Brigade, Division of

Potomac, from August 14; 1861; in Sedgwick's Brigade,

Heintzelman's Division, Army of the Potomac, from October,

1861; in 2d, Birney's Brigade, 3d, Hamilton's Division, 3d

Corps, Army of the Potomac, from March, 1862; in 2d Brigade,

1st Division, 3d Corps, Army of the Potomac, from May, 1862; in

the 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 3d Corps, Army of the Potomac,

from May, 1863; in the 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 2d Corps, Army

of the Potomac, from March, 1864; and was honorably discharged

and mustered out, under Col. Madison M. Cannon, June 27, 1865,

near Washington, D.C.

Source: Phisterer, 2,213

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